Define the term “offer” and identify the ingredients of an offer. Discuss fully.
The Restatement of Contracts 2nd §24 defines an offer as “The outward manifestation of a willingness to enter into a bargain, so made as to justify another person in understanding that his assent to that bargain is invited and will conclude it.”  My understanding of the language in §24 is that an offer is a party’s communication of the intent to enter into a binding agreement which is governed by the terms specified, and the communication is meant to induce the offeree to accept the stated terms to establish a contract.
The ingredients of the offer must communicate terms which are certain and definite.  This makes it possible for parties to the contract, as well as fact finders to be able to determine whether a breach has occurred and what remedies may be appropriate in the event of a breach.  To be considered an offer, the communication must also include a “promise, undertaking or a commitment” by the offeror which shows the offeror’s intent to enter into a contract.  The offer must also be communicated to the offeree by the offeror. 
 Steven J. Burton, Contract Law 169 (2014).
 Id. at 172
 Barbri, First Year Outlines, Contract and Sales 4 (2015).
 Id. at 8.
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